SWOT Analysis for Ecommerce Business: How to Do a SWOT Analysis (With Free Template)

Business strategy
8mid read February 28, 2022
Business strategy
SWOT Analysis for Ecommerce Business: How to Do a SWOT Analysis (With Free Template)

Do you want to know how your business is doing today and where it will be tomorrow? Or do you run an ecommerce business that’s doing bad and you’re wondering why it doesn’t bring expected profit? If you need to answer these questions, you come to the right place. One of the best ways to check this is to research your business and look at things from a broader perspective. That’s where SWOT analysis comes into play.

Conducting a SWOT analysis can assist you in identifying what your ecommerce company is doing well and what aspects should be improved. This type of research is an effective tool to check in with the health of your business and define possible directions in which to take your brand. 

In this blog post, we’re going to discuss what a SWOT analysis is, its elements, and the advantages of conducting a SWOT analysis for ecommerce business. We’ll also give some tips on how to do a SWOT analysis effectively and share a SWOT template that you can apply for your retail company.

What is a SWOT analysis?

SWOT stands for Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats. SWOT analysis is a tool used to evaluate major elements that have an impact on your business success. These four elements are grouped into internal and external factors. 

SWOT Factors PositiveNegative

Strengths and weaknesses are internal factors that are related to your ecommerce business (company culture, geography, staff) with the application of time, effort, and resources. Internal factors are under your control. 

Opportunities and threats are external factors that emanate from the environment that is surrounding your business (economy, competitors, market size). External factors are usually outside of your control, but you can introduce tactics to respond proactively.

Strengths and weaknesses state what is happening now, whereas opportunities and threats concentrate on the future. SWOT is typically conducted by a business analyst who tries to set a plan of action and fulfill that plan into reality. 

Benefits of conducting a SWOT analysis for ecommerce company

Developing a SWOT analysis matrix is a great way to evaluate its business effectiveness at a minimal cost. A SWOT diagram helps you to:

  • Evaluate current performance
  • Figure out what areas of your online business needs to be improved
  • Set clear and actionable business goals 
  • Understand its position on the marketplace better
  • Learn how to more effectively distribute resources
  • Minimize threats and eliminate your weaknesses
  • Find out what you lack against your competitors
  • Gain useful knowledge on your business’s strengths
  • Respond proactively to a changing environment
  • Spot new trends on the market
  • Improve your business operations

How to perform a SWOT analysis for a company

Below, we’ve provided 5 tips on how to conduct an effective SWOT analysis into your strategic planning process.

Initiate brainstorming sessions

Invite your team and start brainstorming ideas. People involved in brainstorming sessions can be from different spheres (marketing, finance, IT, customer support) Encourage everyone to participate, the more opinions, the better. 

The idea behind brainstorming sessions is to hear everything your team has on their mind to gather as many ideas as possible so that you don’t miss out on anything crucial. Write down all the ideas and you might discover a thing or two that could positively influence your bottom line.

Break down the four components

Once you’ve gathered feedback from your staff and set the goal of your SWOT analysis table, it’s time to work on the four elements of your swot model: strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. 

Determine your strengths

Determining the strengths of your company is the very first stage in SWOT assessment. Your brand’s strengths are characteristics that serve as your company’s advantages, the aspects that your company is doing well. 

What do you do better than your main competitors in the same niche? Are you a trendsetter in your industry? What makes your online business one-of-a-kind? Do you offer handmade goods not available elsewhere? 

Any factor of your ecommerce business is only a strength if it provides superior benefit. For instance, if all key players in your industry offer customer support, then the customer support is not a strength, it’s a necessity. If your ecommerce store provides free shipping and your main competitors charge extra costs for shipping, then it can be considered a strength in strategic analysis. 

SWOT example
SWOT example. Image credit: Canva

Figure out weaknesses

The second step is to figure out the areas of your ecommerce business that need to be improved.  Weaknesses are any aspects that negatively affect the success of your company. Consider things you find challenging to obtain and the times you’ve struggled to respond to the customer’s expectations. What aren’t you doing well? What aspects do your customers want you to change? What are your biggest difficulties? What is your ecommerce business lacking? 

At this stage, the crucial thing is to acknowledge these drawbacks, so be honest and face any unpleasant truths. For example, if your checkout process takes longer than other ecommerce websites or your customers don’t have access to multiple payment options, you can be in trouble. 

Make use of opportunities

After you’re done with your internal factors, you should search for opportunities from the ecommerce landscape. Opportunities are the factors that your online business could take advantage of. Being able to identify and make use of opportunities can significantly change your company’s ability to compete.

Where do you see the huge possibilities for your retail business? What is your biggest chance to get more profit? Can you make your customer experience better? Have there been any changes in the market that create an opportunity? What ecommerce trends have a positive influence on your business? What current technologies can help to cut expenses? 

For example, the introduction of PWA (progressive web app) has made the mobile experience as user-friendly as possible. Cloud computing helps to deal with scalability challenges and to automate the manual process of ordering, inventory, and fulfillment. Apple Pay enables customers to buy products online without entering their card and personal details. There are multiple opportunities on the market, make sure not to miss them!

Examine threats

After identifying opportunities, move on to examining your major threats. Threats are all the external areas that can negatively affect your company’s future, such as supply chain disruptions, emerging competitors, and more. To navigate the outside disadvantages requires careful examination from store owners. In most cases, you don’t have any control over your threats, but it’s still essential to keep up-to-date with them so that you can create backup plans if bad things occur.

What threats could seriously impact your financial situation? What areas beyond your control could be an obstacle to your business success? What external factors might threaten your business goals? Has a new product been launched that makes your business at risk? What new technologies on the market could potentially be harmful to your online store? 

Think about the disadvantages you face when you start selling online. For example, new technologies are not only opportunities but can be a threat to your company. The introduction of advanced technologies may make your products become obsolete. Therefore, if there is a possibility, try to react proactively and prepare the solutions to the emerging threats, before your business becomes a victim of them.

Create the SWOT Analysis matrix

Once you’re done with the SWOT brainstorming process, organize your thoughts, and consolidate your results in the SWOT matrix. 

Competitor SWOT Analysis Template

To help you get started quickly, we’ve created this SWOT analysis template.

Download here:

Act upon your findings

It doesn’t make sense to create a competitor SWOT analysis and conduct thorough research if you don’t act upon your findings. Once you have prioritized your SWOT findings, come up with a plan to develop short-term and long-term strategies for your online business.

If you want to reap the benefits from the strong sides of your business, come up with strategies on how to apply it in practice. For example, if you offer free shipping, make sure to implement a pop-up, so that your customers see it easily. If selling your product is limited to a small group of people and is one of your weaknesses, you should take measures to improve the product appeal to attract a wider range of your potential customers. 

Ready to create your SWOT analysis online?

A SWOT analysis is a useful tool for business assessment, that helps you to figure out what you do well, to face your weak points, mitigate the risks, and to take the advantage of opportunities that the market offers.

The SWOT analysis chart can be created separately or be part of competitive analysis. Learn more about how to write an effective competitive analysis to make your business stand out.
Business strategy
Competitive Analysis Example Template: How to Conduct an Ecommerce Competitive Analysis

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