Magento 2 Migration Checklist
Create a migration plan
Before starting the migration process, the stakeholders, project management, and development teams have to gather together and plan the whole Magento migration process so everyone knows what to do. First, set a reasonable deadline; it usually takes 4-6 months to migrate from Magento 1 to 2 and go live, depending on data, extensions, and functionality.
We divide planning into three phases:
- Migration details for data.
- Project specifications.
- Project planning.
Once you have done with planning, you’re ready for step two of your Magento upgrade: setting up a test environment.
Prepare a testing environment
We recommend performing every phase of migration in a separate environment (on an allocated server). This way you can run your existing store without downtime. Before writing the code, prepare the test and development environments.
To ensure that everything is ready to implement in the project, we recommend installing the default Magento 2 platform (Open Source, Commerce, or Cloud), and configure the version control system (Git).
Install extensions and develop specific functionality
Modules that have been installed on M1 cannot be moved to M2, as they are completely incompatible. We usually visit the Extensions Marketplace and check if there is a version of M1 extension for M2. If there is no such extension, then we implement an extension with similar functionality or develop a custom extension. We always check that the functionality is fully secured and make the necessary changes if there are any technical issues.
It’s also significant to determine third-party system integrations, such as order management, enterprise resource planning (ERP), product information management (PIM), and customer relationship management (CRM) and make sure they continue to operate effectively.
Magento data migration is a crucial aspect during the migration, as all your website’s data (products, categories, customers, orders, store configurations, settings, and orders) will be moved to the new platform.
To complete data migration successfully, you should apply the Magento Data Migration Tool. This tool transfers all the data to your new store smoothly with the exception of files, layouts, media, custom code, and control access configurations.
Create a design for Magento 2
In contrast to data migration, Magento doesn’t offer a standard tool that will manage your theme migration. The frontend themes and their codes from Magento 1 and Magento 2 are different and incompatible.
You could either purchase a Magento 2 template that fits in with your store’s style or design a custom theme. If time is a concern, a ready-made theme is a good option; however, it won’t be unique for your project. With custom designs, all the visual and functional features are created from scratch.
Test the design and perform database synchronization
After making the changes and testing the design, you should configure the hosting server due to the new system requirements for Magento 2. Then you can synchronize a final database, so no orders are left behind in migration.
Once you’ve put your Magento 1 store in a maintenance mode, cleaned up caching, started Magento 2 Cron jobs, tested the final draft and made sure everything functions well, your Magento 2 website is ready for launch.
Magento 2 store launch on a live server
The last stage of migration is the launch day. If everything was done properly and according to the plan, your development team will carry out the smooth transition to the new Magento 2 store so you can go to market right away.